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Virgil J. Vogel research and personal papers

Identifier: Ayer-Modern-MS-Vogel
TK Culturally Sensitive (TK CS)
TK Culturally Sensitive (TK CS)

Notice of Culturally Sensitive Indigenous Materials

This collection contains content identified by the library as Culturally Sensitive to Indigenous People(s). See the "Material Identified as Culturally Sensitive to Indigenous People(s)" note for a list. For more information please see the Newberry Library’s policy on Access to Culturally Sensitive Indigenous Materials.

Scope and Content of the Collection

Subject files, notes, writings, and correspondence of Virgil J. Vogel dating mainly from 1941 to 1993.

Research materials on all facets of American Indian life with an emphasis on Indian place names, especially in Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, Washington, and Alaska, but also focusing on Indian medicine, arts, languages, women, and the Indians of Chicago. Includes newspaper and magazine articles on American Indians, mailings, local publications, prints, book selections, brochures, pamphlets, maps, fact sheets, graphs, correspondence from editors, friends, and colleagues, notes and papers written by colleagues and students, notes and bibliography cards, drafts of Vogel's books and articles, photographs from the Library of Congress to be used in his books, and photographs taken by Virgil Vogel. There is also a subject catalog of the materials in Vogel's personal library. The bulk of the material was collected by Vogel during the course of his career and includes his copies of 17th through early 20th century publications and excerpts from many others.


  • Creation: 1941-1993



Materials are in English.

Conditions Governing Access

The Virgil J. Vogel research and personal papers are open for research in the Special Collections Reading Room; 1 box at a time (Priority III).

Ownership and Literary Rights

The Virgil J. Vogel research and personal papers are the physical property of the Newberry Library. Copyright may belong to the authors or their legal heirs or assigns. For permission to publish or reproduce any materials from this collection, contact the Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections at

Biography of Virgil J. Vogel

Chicago professor and author; writer of books on American Indian place names and medicine.

Born in Keota, Iowa on February 25, 1918, Virgil Vogel received his B.E. degree from Chicago State University in 1942 and went on to receive his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. His dissertation topic, "American Indian Medicine and Its Influence on White Medicine and Pharmacology" was published by the University of Oklahoma Press in 1970. While working on his degrees, Virgil Vogel published numerous articles and book reviews in such magazines as The Chicago Review, Names Magazine, Politics, and Illinois History. In 1962, he published the first part of his book Indian Place Names of Illinois in the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society. This volume was published in its entirety in 1963.

Vogel began his teaching career in Chicago public schools and later taught at Truman College, City Colleges of Chicago, where he initiated the school's first course on American Indian History. After thirteen years at Truman, Professor Vogel retired as a full professor and focused on writing. During this time, he published Iowa Place Names of Indian Origin in 1983, Indian Names in Michigan in 1986, and Indian Names on Wisconsin's Map in 1991, as well as many journal articles, book reviews, convention papers, and his unpublished magnum opus, Their Name is on Your Waters, a comprehensive look at place names from all over the United States.

Vogel married Louis Walden and had two sons and one daughter. He died on January 10, 1994, in Northbrook, Illinois.


27.5 Linear Feet (66 boxes)


Writings and research material on American Indian place names and other subjects relating to Native Americans of the Chicago author and professor Virgil J. Vogel. Also includes newspaper and magazine articles, correspondence, and a few photographs.


Papers are organized in the following series

Series 1: American Indian Medicine
Boxes 1-5
Series 2: Arts, 1928-1982
Boxes 6-7
Series 3: Canadian Indians, 1954-1986
Box 8
Series 4: Card Files, 1964-1990
Boxes 9-16
Series 5: Chicago Indians, 1942-1982
Boxes 17-19
Series 6: General Subject File, 1941-1993
Boxes 20-37
Series 7: Indian Place Names
Boxes 38-41
Series 8: Language and Etymology, 1941-1993
Boxes 42-44
Series 9: South American Indians, 1938-1997
Box 45
Series 10: Tribes, approximately 1941-1993
Boxes 46-52
Series 11: Tribes - Geographical, 1948-1992
Boxes 53-54
Series 12: Works, 1929-1991
Boxes 55-66

Collection Stack Location

3a 57 9-11


Gift of Louise Vogel, 1997

Separated Materials

Journal and newspaper issues removed from the Virgil J. Vogel Research and Personal Papers:

  • Amerindian, September, 1952-October, 1974
  • The Black Panther, May 25, 1969
  • Bobs-Merrill Reprint Series in the Social Sciences,1893-1968 (isolated issues)
  • Catholic Worker, April, 1952
  • Cherokee Advocate,March, 1977
  • Commentary,June, 1977
  • Common Wealth Review,March, 1946
  • Contemporary Issues,Spring, 1965
  • Eagle Wing Press, December, 1882
  • El Paso Record, April 25, 1990
  • Expose, April, 1952
  • Fellowship, March, 1944
  • The German-American,September, 1946
  • Human Relations News of Chicago,December, 1964-Febuary, 1967 (isolated issues)
  • Indian Affairs Bulletin, September, 1968-January, 1972
  • Indian Voices, April, 1963-Feburary, 1967 (isolated issues)
  • Industrial Workers, November, 1987-June, 1988 (isolated issues)
  • Liberation, September, 1961
  • LiveWire, November, 1940-May, 1941 (isolated issues)
  • Meeting Ground, Winter, 1982
  • Milwaukee Indian News, December, 1976-March, 1977 (isolated issues)
  • Modern Monthly,April, 1936-June, 1938 (isolated issues)
  • National Fellowship of Indian Workers,Summer, 1949
  • Native American Publication,January-July, 1973 (isolated issues)
  • Navajo Times,June, 1965-September 18, 1969 (isolated issues)
  • The Network,June, 1945-September, 1945
  • The New Republic,December 4, 1965-December 11, 1965
  • New Times,January 19, 1949
  • Oracle,January, 1968
  • Poland Fights,August, 1944-September, 1945 (supplements and isolated issues)
  • Probe,Summer, 1945-Winter, 1946
  • Rebel Worker, July, 1965
  • Socialist Commentary,October, 1960-June, 1962 (isolated issues)
  • Socialist Leader,July 5, 1952
  • Solidarity,May, 1950
  • Tribune,April 5, 1946- April 12, 1946
  • War Commentary,August, 1943-Febuary, 1945 (isolated issues)
  • The Warpath, Vol. 1, No.3 - Vol. 4, No. 6 (isolated issues)
  • Warrior, May, 1971-October, 1972 (isolated issues)
  • Wassaja, January, 1973-January, 1983 (isolated issues)
  • The Word, April, 1946-October, 1946 (isolated issues)
  • Material Identified as Culturally Sensitive to Indigenous People(s)

    Box 1, Folder 8 contains information about Midewiwin ceremonies.

    Box 1, Folder 11 contains article "Sextuplets on Maddin Creek."

    Box 3, Folder 65 contains photographs of ancestors' skulls and bones.

    Box 4, Folder 100 contains Midewiwin ceremonial depictions.

    Box 6, Folder 9 contains map with mention of medicine and ceremony in symbols guide.

    Box 6, Folder 12 contains articles with artist depiction of a dance and ceremonial content.

    Box 6, Folder 13 contains flyer with image of a Kwakiutl Mask and Diné Yei Figures.

    Box 24, Folder 91 contains photo of Omaha gravesite with human remains and potentially funerary objects in newspaper clipping.

    Processed by

    Kelly Laas, August 2002

    Inventory of the Virgil J. Vogel research and personal papers, 1941-1993
    Kelly Laas
    Language of description
    Script of description

    Repository Details

    Part of the The Newberry Library - Modern Manuscripts and Archives Repository

    60 West Walton Street
    Chicago Illinois 60610 United States