Andrew Jackson Faulk collection of photographs of the Dakota Territory and Yankton, Santee, and Teton Sioux
Scope and Content of the Collection
Primarily large format albumen prints, but also a few stereographs and carte de visites, of scenes in the Dakota Territory and of Indians residing within its borders, taken mainly during the 1850s and 1860s.
Dakota Territory photographs include views of Yankton, its buildings and its citizens; images of Forts Dakota and Randall taken by B.H. Gurnsey of Sioux City, Iowa; shots of the Congregational church and parsonage at Faulkton, of the Big Sioux River and Sioux Falls, and of Indian camps; carte de visite portraits of Governor Newton Edmonds and Indian chief Struck-by-the-Ree. Also, portraits of Andrew Jackson Faulk and his father, John Faulk (tintype copy of daguerreotype image); an 1860s print of a Pennsylvania oil well; a view of a pontoon bridge spanning the Missouri River at Nebraska City, Nebraska taken by Thomas W. Tolman; and an early 1890s group portrait of the South Dakota Board of Woman Commissioners for the World’s Columbian Exposition. Over half of the collection consists of 32 formal portraits of Sioux chiefs, braves and interpreters, representatives of Yankton, Santee and Teton tribes, taken in Washington, circa 1857 to 1867, during treaty negotiations between the Indians and the government. These studio portraits were mounted in oval frames at the Addis Gallery in Washington, D.C., probably by Antonio Zeno Shindler, who prepared an 1867 catalog for the first photographic exhibition at the Smithsonian Institution.
Note: Almost all the Addis Gallery framed Indian portraits are also part of a collection owned by the American Philosophical Society and can be viewed online under the title A. Zeno Shindler American Indian Photograph Collection, 1852-1869. Also, these same prints and other photographs of many of the individuals are now on the Internet, located either by Indian or English name.
- Creation: approximately 1855-1909
- Faulk, Andrew Jackson, 1814-1898 (Person)
Materials are in English.
Conditions Governing Access
The Andrew Jackson Faulk Collection of Photographs of the Dakota Territory and Yankton, Santee, and Teton Sioux are open for research in the Special Collections Reading Room; 1 box at a time (Priority III).
Ownership and Literary Rights
The Andrew Jackson Faulk Collection of Photographs of the Dakota Territory and Yankton, Santee, and Teton Sioux are the physical property of the Newberry Library. Copyright may belong to the authors or their legal heirs or assigns. For permission to publish or reproduce any materials from this collection, contact the Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections.
Biography of Andrew Jackson Faulk
Third governor of the Dakota Territory (1867-1869).
A Democratic Pennsylvania newspaper owner and editor (1837-1841) and politician (1840-1860) turned Republican over the slavery issue, Andrew Jackson Faulk was rewarded by President Lincoln with an appointment as a trader (1861-1864) at the Yankton Reservation in the Dakota Territory, the supply base for agency and military operations in the upper Missouri. After operating and promoting petroleum and coal companies in Pennsylvania, Faulk returned to the Dakota Territory to serve a two-year term (1867-1869) as governor and superintendent of Indian affairs. He continued to reside in Yankton until his death in 1898.
1.3 Linear Feet (1 oversize box)
A collection of 56 photographs acquired by Faulk, mostly consisting of large-format albumen prints, but also a few stereographs and carte de visites. Dakota Territory scenes include views of Yankton, its buildings, and its citizens; photographs of Fort Dakota and Fort Randall by B. H. Gurnsey; the Congregational Church and parsonage at Faulkton; the Big Sioux River and Sioux Falls; and Indian camps. The collection also includes 32 oval portraits of Yankton, Brule, Two Kettle, and Santee Sioux chiefs, interpreters, and others, taken during treaty negotiations at the Addis Gallery in Washington, D.C. These photographs are part of the Edward E. Ayer Photograph Collection.
Arrangement is by the number assigned to each image in the Andrew Jackson Faulk Collection, which forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Photograph Collection. The individual Indians are listed in the Container List, names in English followed by the Indian names as spelled in the Shindler catalog.
Collection Stack Location
3 18 16
Ownership and Custodial History
Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Photograph Collection (Newberry Library)
Gift, Edward E. Ayer, 1911.
Virginia Hay Smith, 2011.
- Addis Gallery (Washington, D.C.) (Organization)
- Faulk, Andrew Jackson, 1814-1898 (Person)
- Faulk, John, 1785-1855 (Person)
- Gurnsey, B. H. (Byron H.), 1833-1880 (Person)
- Struck-by-the-Ree, 1804-1888 (Person)
- World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.) (Organization)
- Edmonds, Newton, 1819-1908 -- Portraits (Person)
- Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899 (Person)
- South Dakota. Board of Lady Managers (Organization)
- Edward E. Ayer Photograph Collection (Newberry Library) (Organization)
Genre / Form
- Albumen prints -- Dakota Territory -- 1851-1900
- Cartes-de-visite (card photographs) -- 1851-1900
- Photographs -- Dakota Territory -- 1851-1900
- Photographs -- Pennsylvania -- 1851-1900
- Portrait photographs -- Washington (D.C.) -- 1851-1900
- Stereographs -- Dakota Territory -- 1851-1900
- Dakota Indians -- Photographs
- Indians of North America -- Dakota Territory -- Photographs
- Lakota Indians -- Photographs
- Manuscripts, American
- Military bases -- Dakota Territory -- Photographs
- Pontoon bridges -- Nebraska -- Nebraska City -- Photographs
- Santee Indians -- Photographs
- Yankton Indians -- Photographs
- Inventory of the Andrew Jackson Faulk collection of photographs of the Dakota Territory and Yankton, Santee, and Teton Sioux, approximately 1855-1909
- Virginia Hay Smith
- Language of description
- Script of description